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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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need for haste . . . Russia could not enter the Allied circle without altering
her attitude towards Poland who belonged to this same circle, and Poland
could not decline an agreement with her."
Churchill, announcing the Anglo-Soviet Agreement in the House of
Commons on July I5th, added:
" The Foreign Secretary, in these busy days, has also been instrumental
in bringing about a very great measure of agreement between the Russian
Soviet State and the Polish Republic. These negotiations have not reached
their conclusion, but I am very hopeful that, aided by the statesmanship of
General Sikorski, another important step will soon be taken in the mar-
shalling of the peoples of the world against the criminals who have broken
its life and menaced its future."
The American Press wrote extensively on this question of pressure,
*: which the British Foreign Office had exercised on General Sikorski."
The Polish public in Great Britain and America came to share this point
of view when the Agreement revealed such tremendous Polish sacrifices
for the Allied cause. The Polish opposition underlined that in order
" to ease the situation for his Ally, and to relieve the burden of the
English politicians. General Sikorski, in the name of Poland, had taken the
decision to forgive Soviet Russia the immense wrongs which that country
had inflicted on the Polish people. To help the British out of a temporary
embarrassment—not the demands of a far-reaching need—General Sikorski
had forgiven those wrongs without receiving any guarantee of their future
On July 25th, 1941, the Polish Government of National Unity, which
had come into being in Paris in October, 1939, immediately after the
occupation of Poland by the united Russo-German forces, split over this
Pact. The National Democrats and the powerful Pilsudskyites, joined
by a section of the Socialist Party, formed a strong opposition. Sikorski was
left with the Peasant Party, a handful of Socialists and a few National
Democrats, who were thereupon disowned by their Party.
Three ministers left the Cabinet, General Sosnkowski,* the victorious
General of 1939, a man who had a great influence in Poland, Zaleski, the
* General Casimir Sosnkowski was nominated on October, 16th, 1939, the
Successor-Designate to the Presidency of the Polish Republic.
The name of Sosnkowski has been conneaed with the efforts of the Polish Nation
in their struggle for freedom during the last forty years. He began his career as a
revolutionary against the Tsar and fought in the 1905 revolution in Russian-
occupied Poland in the ranks of the Military Organisation of the Polish Socialist
Party. Together with Pilsudski, he was instrumental in preparing that batch of
men who formed the first Polish troops known in 1914, as the c Legions.' They
fought against Russia until the revolution broke out there, when Pilsudska
stopped fighting and dissolved his corps. Pilsudski was arrested by the Germans
and with him Sosnkowski, Together they spent over a year in the Magdeburg
jail, from where they were liberated by the advent of revolution in Germany.
At the time of the war with Communist Russia, Sosnkowski was holding the
post of War Minister and he was the man who, in a ruined country, was able to form
an army of over a million, the army which enabled Pilsudski to check the Bolshevik